Tuesday, November 22, 2011
Sunday, November 20, 2011
Today I was reading newspaper; two local news’s caught my attention. The news was like …
One - “BLIND BELIEF LEADS TO HORRIBLE CRIME” Sister ‘sacrificed ‘ for getting wealth. In Mayurbhanj district, a man sacrificed his sister to get mental peace and wealth. According to the accused, he killed a snake two days before of the incident and in his sleep the snake god appeared and cursed him on his sin and as a remedy directed him to sacrifice one of his family member. Therefore, he planned to sacrifice his sister and he chopped off her head with a sharp weapon during her sleep.
Second – “WITCHCRAFT SUSPECTED” Woman branded with hot iron. This incident also in same Mayurbhanj district. Hear the villain is a rich man, who suspects an elderly poor women as a witch doctor and due to her witchcraft his daughter suffering from illness since long. So he called some ‘tantriks’ and organized a puja in that the tantriks suggested to brand the witch doctor with hot iron and he done it.. Horrible!
Such incidents are many in these illiterate poor areas, even I remember when I was in Bihar,then also such news’s I read ,happening in Bihar and Jharkhand but occasional. Here, it seems an often news(these are reported and who knows how many such incidents were there un reported ?).
One thing we can understand, poverty and illiteracy are the root causes of such incident. But can anybody justify the act of literate illiterate’s activity in above second incident?
Superstitions from the mind of these illiterate, poor villagers cannot be eradicated in a single day but by educating them sure, there will be a change in society and slowly such superstitions are vanished. But who cares? A hungry stomach need food first, not pencil and books. The money flowing in the name of literacy will only effective when there is a programme for sustainable income for poor’s otherwise the flowing money in the name of literacy leaks to somebody’s pockets only.
Friday, November 18, 2011
Sickle, axe, hoe etc are common agriculture tools of an agrarian society. Indeed Dongrias are agrarian society ,male keeps their axe as a body part on their shoulder same time female keep the sickle on their hair like a ornament as well as for domestic purpose. See pictures below how dongria woman keeping her sickle as a hairstyling clip.
Saturday, October 29, 2011
Now a days it is fashion and passion to boys to get pierce their ear and put small fancy rings in it, but you seem it strange ,these Dongria boys living in their own cocoon of their custom and tradition used to pierce their ears moreover nose to wear rings.
Boys of Dongria tribes get pierced their nose and ear to wear earrings and nose rings as the girls in Niyamgiri area do. It is customary here to pierce nose and ear of boys in their infancy and put rings. However, most of the boys in their later stages avoid wearing rings to look modern and to mingle with other community or due to poverty. The Dongria boys are easy to differentiate from others in a single look with their hairstyle and holed nose and ears.
Tuesday, October 18, 2011
Friday, October 14, 2011
Sunday, October 9, 2011
Remembering my childhood days, we used to make swings with liana vine, but my children don’t believe me if I say this to them, because even to imagine, they have to see the vine at least once. I think the liana vines may be extinct from Kerala due to rapid urbanization and deforestation (I swear, myself had not seen liana vine for last twenty or more years in my village once which was abundantly seen there).
But my trek on Niyamgiri hills reminded me those good old days we used to swing on liana vine. Moreover it was surprising to me to see giant liana here in these eastern ghat jungles. Lianas vines are a kind of structural parasite which exploit the trunks and branches of trees for support to stand up and spread its own leaves above the forest canopy. In the early growth stage liana grow as normal other plant but later it has to take support of self supported plants due to its weak stem. Below is snap of a U shaped giant liana vine of Niyamgiri Jungle.
Thursday, October 6, 2011
Monday, September 26, 2011
Last week I went for a trekking on Niyamagiri hills Orissa. I remained there for seven days. Trekking through inaccessible ways of Niyamagiri hills heights ranging from 500 mtrs to 1200mtrs, sleep in jungles are rarest opportunity and not possible to everyone. Only the frightening thing was malaria. Plasmodium falciparum is one of the dangerous kind of malaria parasite found in these jungles and spread through mosquitoes. The PF Malaria is as dangerous as one may get in to comma within 24 hour of start the infection if not start treatment at once. The symptoms also may be varying to person to person, as heard even loose motion also may be the symptom of PF Malaria which is quite different from plasmodium vivax(PV) malaria (common malaria). Recently one of my friend was suffering from cough and cold diagnosed PF malaria after blood test. So while I pack for trekking ,ensured to keep one each tube of Odomas and good knight cream,because someone had reminded me odomas has no effect in these area, but Odomas is the known brand for mosquito repellent. So I decided to keep both and apply after every two hours alternately, also I kept a good quality mosquito repellent spray. Kept all precautionary items, still many days I forgot to apply the cream due to tiredness.One other thing I kept in my rucksack was one liter diesel, you wonder! No? Yes it was another necessary item in these jungles to keep away wild elephant. I think better is to avoid elephants route, if by mistake confronted only way is to burn some clothe with the help of diesel to scare away the wild elephants or nothing can do with them. Nothing more to worry about other creatures except the above two.
Actually the trekking is the part of my job, so unavoidable and has to stay there till complete the task. This is the first time I am going in this area and also was on an important task. Whatever, I feel happy on getting the chance to see and learn things that I haven’t experienced ever earlier. Really I was enjoying the week.
Sunday, September 11, 2011
Recently during my visit to a temple nearby my residence, where I haven’t gone for last few months, put me in a strange thought on seeing a modification on the outer wall of the sanctum sanctorum decorated with new Blackstone made statues. Some of them were erotic.
The strange thought was that, I have visited many temples at different parts of India during my tours and seen statues and pictures of beautiful women with high breast and twisting, broad-hip there ,on walls etc., having a high esthetic value. Heard that Khajuraho temple is famous for erotic stone statues. But the same like or one step ahead statues in these temples of this century? I could not understand the philosophy behind these new age eroticism in temple art.
I searched internet and read many writings on the subject to clear my doubt, everyone have some vague ideas only on such erotic sculpture temple art, and my curiosity remain unsatisfied. Why such erotic sculptures on outer walls of temples?
The interpretations and theories I found in sites are many but all I feel preconceived ideas without much support. I am trying here to comprehend the interpretations of them, about placing erotic sculptures on outer walls of Hindu temples in India.
- Placing erotic sculptures on outer wall of the temple is to signify the devotees to keep all kind of materialistic thought outside the temple and enter in sanctum sanctorum with a pure heart and mind.
- You can find many statues on outside wall of temples among it only a few are erotic because these erotic sculpture are strategically placed “yantras” or symbolical magical diagrams to appease the evil spirits.
- According to Hindu philosophy one has to practice four Ashrams to attain moksha (eternal peace from all bondages) that are "Brahmacharya" or the Bachelor student Stage,"Grihastha" or the Householder Stage,"Vanaprastha" or the Hermit Stage,"Sannyasa" or the Wandering Ascetic Stage. The sculptures are intended to prepare and teach the Brahmacharies who are living away in hermitages for a successful second ashrama,"Grihastha".
- Hinduism believes in the efficacy of all four paths to Moksha (Dharma, Artha, Yoga, and Kama), these erotic sculptures are to assist in the fourth one Kama to attain Moksha.
- The sculptures are constructed during the time of monastic Buddhism and people were losing interest in Grihastha (householder life). The erotic sculptures were built to attract and arouse interest in house holder life to strengthen Hinduism.
From all above in my view little bit convincing is the theory of “yantras”.
Wednesday, August 31, 2011
Next day morning, I was roaming on roads of Mahavir Nagar. I can’t stop myself my habit of morning exercises even though knowing that walking or running in Delhi roads is not safe and healthy. I walked towards keshopur sabzi mandi as previous day I couldn’t see the market due to rain and dirty and messy areas. But I changed my plan on seeing men in jogging dress coming out of a walled land. In curiosity I peeped through the gate and surprised to see a park there. No one believes that there will be a park available in such a congested part of the city, whatever; it was a matter to joy for me.
Just getting inside there is a board showing Delhi Development Authority zonal green area. The park is full of with tall woods and lawns surrounded by a jogging track. A very healthy place for morning exercises and I enjoyed my morning run in Keshopur Park.
Now a day people are very health conscious, I could find all age groups in park except school goers. The dominating in strength in ground were middle aged ladies with their yoga and stretching exercises and some old aged men on their gossip and lite exercises. In park there is a separate earmarked place for ladies.
One interesting thing I found that two Sikh youths feeding stray dogs with milk and bread in plates placed in park.
The most neglected section of the park is children’s corner. It seems that since long children were not coming in that area. Are the children in Delhi over burdened with their studies? No parents allowing them to play? Or are they behind cricket only? I don’t know!
Just outside the park, you will loss all impression of the park on seeing the unhygienic condition. A heap of garbage, all the positive energy you gained will vanish instantly on a single inhalation of the foul smell.
Sunday, August 28, 2011
Roasting corn on road side in the evening for sale.
Wednesday, August 24, 2011
Once scooter was the most favorite vehicle among middle class Indians and 10 years back it was difficult to walk on road in Delhi and Pune with flooded scooters. The reason for the choice of scooter was its utility as family vehicle, economy in fuel and its maintenance cost. Bajaj and Vespa scooters were dominating these roads on those days, now it become extinct and new generation two wheeler motor cycles and small cars took over the roads. Competition among financiers made loan formalities simple as even a lower income group can purchase a small car or costly motor cycle easily, then who will care for these domestic animal scooter more?.
But surprised to see the reincarnation of scooter in the form of tela in Delhi roads.(Tela- a three wheeled goods carrying cycle rickshaw, commonly known in the name of tela in north India) Actually all kind of geared motorized two, three and four wheelers required a registration from road transport department, but who will register this vehicle ? These are totally local made by improvising old scooter parts fitted on a local made Tela.
Who will be the brain behind the scootela (name given by me – scooter+ tela= scootela), I guess this may be the handiwork of a Sardar (Punjabi) because in 90s in Punjab, Hariyana and UP there were available a local made four wheeler named Maruta which was the handiworks of Punjabi mechanics by using diesel motor pumps which were available cheaper in market for irrigation purpose.
I advice the innovator to get a patent for this scootela immediately otherwise some companies may copy the technique to produce poor man’s vehicle as Nano car..
Tuesday, August 23, 2011
On return from my home after vacation, this time I choose Air Travel instead of my usual train journey as I have to reach Delhi for some official purpose. My booking was in Spice jet, famous for economy in fare and spicy food and beautiful girl crews with red half skirt and top. As their instruction I reached Coimbatore Airport before two hours of departure time so I have got enough time to roam inside airport watching everything to pass time, then one thing seen like an antique on a corner caught my attention. That was a money collection box installed by Bhartiya Patita Uddhar Sabha for the purpose of orphaned children education. All the way to Delhi I was in the thought what it means by Patita and its relation with children.
On reaching Delhi, I gathered all information I could get on Bhartiya Patita Uddhar Sabha, it is a NGO working for the rehabilitation and support of sex workers and their children, to bring them in to national main stream by providing them improved social status. They run two child development and care centers for children of prostitutes in addition to welfare works of prostitutes. The difference in this child education and care from other similar organizations is the elder students give love, care and education to younger students to learn their social responsibilities.
This NGO is very active since its inception in the year 1984, one worthwhile to say action of them is the agitation against the governments view on the status of sex workers, as in the census of 2001 they were counted in the category of beggars, vagabonds and street children, which they objected by saying, prostitutes do not beg, as that unlike beggars they live and work in defined areas and sex workers are like industrial workers as they have work very hard to earn their living.
On the effort of the NGO the Supreme Court of India has directed all state governments to come up with training and vocational program for the rehabilitation of sex workers, who want to leave the profession.
The philanthropic efforts of Bhartiya Patita Uddhar Sabha are really worthy for appreciation.
Monday, August 22, 2011
During last week, I was on a vacation at home to get away from my stressful work. It is my habit to walk along streets alone, and find pleasure in watching activities of city life and changes of my home town. One day I have noticed a funny thing which I would like to share with you.
Keralites are always crazy on lottery. The changing life style and uncertainty in economic affairs always tend them to purchase lottery to become overnight millionaire ( earlier the prize money was in Lakhs and the winner was called Lakshadipathi- owner of lakhs,but now a days the term changed to crorepathi- owner of crore).
Now a days, Kerala government owned lottery only sold in markets, and hearing that all unauthorized lottery selling are banned in state. Earlier there was different kind of lotteries of different states and private were available and on the shade of that fake lotteries were also played freely in market to loot innocent people.
Sunday, August 21, 2011
Confused? Sure you might be –other than Keralite, because thalirila is a Malayalam word for tender leaves. I use Thalirila here deliberately, because no other words can give the same sweetness and feelings of old memories which still in corner my heart. Whenever I see such tender leaves with crystal ball like water drops on it, I feel nostalgic.
In my child hood, my father brought two Ashoka sapling from somewhere and planted in front of our home and it was there and grown about eight feet and blossoming throughout the year with red flowers. I remember its long, soft, pink tender leaves. I used to touch and feel its moist softness during morning hours, a cold soft touch feeling and drops of water on it, a kind of feeling; I am not able to explain –what kind of feeling that was! The lost days won’t come back, but the feeling inside my heart tends to go back to that good old days.
Sunday, August 7, 2011
Kollur Mookambika temple is well known in the west coast of Karnataka and oldest temple in south India. The temple is situated near the perennial river Sauparnika(as name its water is crystal clear), more over the surrounding greenery of forests and Kudachadri hills, gives a kind of unexplainable sanctity to the temple. The temple having gold plated crest and copper roof, all these attract thousands of devotees.
As belief , a saint Shri Shankarachariya (Adi Shankara) from Kerala who was in deep meditation (thapas) here on Kudachadri hills has got a Darsana of goddess Mookambika ( also known a Vagdevi, the Goddess of speech) after that he decided to install a idol at Kollur. Still there is a simhasanam (seat) of Adi shankara in room near sanctum. Goddess Mookambika has got the name Mookambika after killing a demon called Mookasura. Mookambika is regarded as a manifestation of Shakti, Saraswathi and Mahalakshmi and the idol Mookambika is in the form of Jyothir linga comprising Shiva and Shakti.At a distance of 100 meter from Temple there is an Ashram believed to be of Shri Shankarachariya.
The Kollur is really a beautiful place to visit, you will feel rejuvenated mentally once you stay here for two three days due to the pollution free environment, peaceful surrounding and spiritual atmosphere.
Kollur Mookambika temple is in Karnataka State, about 135 km from Mangalore and 80 Kms from Udupi by road. We can reach there by train also; the nearest railway station is Kundapuram in Konken railway route, from Kundapuram again need to travel by road about 30 Kms to reach Kollur. Frequent private bus services are available to Kollur and for accommodation a lot of ashrams and lodges are available at cheap rates.
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